According to my research Psychology means study or science of soul But Most of the psychologists agree on a of psychology as the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes of organism.
Behaviour refers to all the actions or reactions of a person or animal in response to external or internal stimuliation. People who study psychological phenomena are not necessarily to the study of human beings only; they also study the behaviour of animals. They study the behaviour and mental processes of individual not of group/community. Thus, when they are studying
groups, the focus is generally on how individuals perform within the
group rather than the study of the group as a whole.
What is education?
According to the educational psychology, I have to first
understand what is education.
The world education is derived from Latin word educare which means
to bring up. Education is also derived from another Latin world
educere which means to lead out. Education as educere is more
acceptable as it means leading an individual from ignorance to
Education can be defined as the process of imparting or acquiring
knowledge and habits through instruction or study. It can also be
defined as a process in which human behaviour is modified so as to be
in closer agreement with some model or ideal determined by the
values of society.
If education is to be effective, it should result in changes in all the
What is educational psychology?
As a journal we can say Educational Psychology is a combination or overlapping of two
separate fields of study; psychology and education. It is a distinct
discipline with its own theories, research methods, problems and
techniques. Educational psychology is distinct from other fields of
psychology due to its focus on understanding the
processes of teaching and learning that takes place in formal
environments. Educational psychologists study what people think
and do as they teach and learn a particular curriculum in a particular
environment where education and training are intended to take place.
They help in developing instructional methods and materials used to
train people in both educational and work settings. They are also
concerned with research on issues of relevance for education,
counselling and learning problems. Educational psychology deals with behaviour of human beings in
educational situation . This means that educational psychology is concerned
with the study of human behaviour or human personality, its growth,
development, guidance under the social process of education.
Education is possible in human beings; hence, human learning is the
central core of educational psychology.
Educational psychology deals with the behaviour of human beings in educational situations. Its main concerned is to identify various psychological factors affecting teaching and learning process. It describes and explains the learning according to scientifically determined principles and facts concerning human behaviour. Educational psychology addresses the questions – “why do some individual learn more than others” and “what can be done to improve that learning.” Therefore, its subject matter is revolved around teaching and learning process and educational psychologists attempt to discover: 1. The extent to which the factors of heredity and environment contribute to learning. 2. The nature of the learning process.3. The educational significance of individual differences in rate and limit of learning. • The inner change that occur during learning.4. The relation of teaching procedures to leaning outcomes. 5. The most effective techniques for evaluating progress in learning. 6 The relative effect upon an individual of formal learning as compared with incidental or informal learning experiences. 7. To value the scientific attitude towards education. 8. The psychological impact upon learner’s attitude of sociological conditions. Agricultural extension is education and its main purpose is to change the behaviour of farmers. Therefore, knowledge of educational psychology is useful to extension agent for understanding the factors affecting the teaching and learning process.
The importance of educational psychology in agricultural extension:
The importance of educational psychology in agricultural extension is
immense as both disciplines deal with human behaviour in
educational environment. Following are the some of the reasons
which explain the importance of educational psychology in
• Educational psychology helps the extension agent to know the
learner, his interest, attitudes, aptitude, level of aspiration,
intelligence, interests, individual behaviour in group, etc. which
plays a major role in one’s learning.
• Its main concern is on teaching and learning. This helps in
formulating training programmes for improving the knowledge
and skill of extension agent and farmers. It also helps in selection
of teaching methods and aids for organising effective learning
situations and suggests technique of learning as well as teaching.
• It helps in imparting better education by organising the subject
matter of learning experience, preparation of different text books,
development of assessment patterns, etc for heterogeneous
• Educational psychology helps in acquainting learner with the
mechanism of heredity and environment.
• It also deals with the problem-solving which is very important for
extension agent to develop problem-solving skills amongst
• It helps extension agent to find causes of prejudices, the habit of
sticking to old practices of farming and ways of doing things, the
doubts and lack of confidence and factors affecting motivation.
• It also helps them to know the emotions and feelings of farmers,
how farmers learn new practices.