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Muslim Politics in British India: 1924-1935

Muslim Politics in British India: 1924-1935:

1.Delhi Muslim Plans

2.Nehru Report

3.Quaid-i-Azam’s 14 Points

4.Simon Commission

5.Round Table Conferences

6.Constitutional Plans

Backdrop:

The Khilafat movement introduced Hindu-Muslim towns to cooperation. The leaders made the efforts to bring back harmony for planning constitutional plans.

1: Delhi Muslim Plans: March 1927

Important Muslim leaders around the initiative from the Quaid met in Delhi to go over constitutional and political issues. The main demands were:

• Punjab and Bengal: statuary Muslim majorities

• No Weightage in provinces

• Sind to become separated from Bombay

• Constitutional Reforms in NWFP

• One-third seats for Muslims in Central Legislature

• On communal issues, no law is going to be passed if three-4th people from the concerned community oppose it.

If these demands are recognized, they’ll quit ‘separate electorate.’ Subsequently, the Muslim League was divided within the Punjab, Shafi League and Jinnah League. Mister Muhammad Shafi opposed Jinnah around the issues:

• Separate electorate

• Attitude for the Simon Commission. Jinnah ongoing his unremitting efforts to advertise Hindu-Muslim oneness.

2: The Nehru Report: 1928

The primary objective ended up being to constitute plans for that Indian Metabolic rate. The Congress known as Both Sides Conference that hired a ten-member committee in May 1928 underneath the Chairmanship of Motilal Nehru and Secretary ship of Jawaharlal Nehru.

Recommendations that threatened Muslim interests are:

• No Separate electorate

• No One-third seats for Muslims in Central Set up

• No reservation of seats for Muslims in Punjab and Bengal. In Hindu-majority provinces, the Muslims might be given seats based on population

• Sind to make a province whether it can bear its expenses. Balochistan, NWFP were recognized obtain constitutional status on certain conditions.

Quaid-i-Azam attempted to obtain changes within the Report within the Both Sides Conference in Calcutta but didn’t succeed. This is actually the moment when Jinnah remarked, “it is parting of the methods.Inches He presented the 14 points like a Muslim leader.

3: Jinnah’s 14 Points: 1929

1.Federal system with residuary forces using the provinces

2.Provincial autonomy.

3.Separate electorate for Muslims.

4.Effective representation to unprivileged within the provinces however the majority shouldn’t be reduced to minority

5.One-third representation of Muslims in Central Legislature.

6.1 / 3 Muslim representation in cabinets.

7.No alterations in the limitations from the Punjab and Bengal that will negatively affect Muslim majority.

8.Religious freedom to any or all.

9.No law is going to be passed if three-4th chosen people of the community declare that it’s against their interests.

10.Sind to make another province.

11.Constitutional Reforms in NWFP and Balochistan.

12.Muslim representation in govt. jobs.

13.Constitutional safeguards for Islamic culture and civilization, education, language, personal laws and regulations and Muslim institutions. Government ought to provide financial help.

14.No constitutional amendment unless of course all constituent models from the federation accept it.

These points reflected the aspirations of each and every Muslim residing in India.

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